Dr. Maria Montessori, Maria Montessori Speaks to Parents, p.
Practical life consists of materials that help the child to build independence, concentration, order, and control of movement. These materials provide experiences of daily life which include buttoning, tying laces, washing dishes, preparing snack and lessons of grace and courtesy. The work in this area enhances the child’s sense of order and his ability to concentrate so that as they move on to other areas of interest they are able to stay with a task from beginning to end.
The Sensorial works purpose is to heighten the child’s ability to explore his environment through all of his senses. Through sight, touch, taste, hearing and smell the child is able to order and classify the world around him with clarity and meaning.
Math is taught by the use of concrete materials which the child experiences on a daily basis with the goal to prepare them for problem solving and more abstract reasoning.
Language development is guided through oral language activities and a multi-sensory phonics approach to reading and writing. Geography, science, art, and music are all integrated into the curriculum through extensions in the language and sensorial areas of the classroom.
It is a common misconception that Montessori Education is just for preschool. The reality of it is that Montessori is an education for life.
The beauty of Montessori Education is that it works in a three year developmental cycle. The final year of each cycle is a leadership year in which older students impart their knowledge onto their younger peers. The older students help by teaching lessons, tying shoes, and helping navigate the environment.
The third year is vital to children in the pursuit of becoming citizens of the world.